First Life on Earth: Part-02
How did school start?
We went to school to get an education now our children go to school.
They studied at university.
Have you ever wondered how this school came about?
No, it never occurred to me.
So today we will know how the school started!!!
Education is the name of spiritual, mental, and physical development. But generally, people have to learn many things to lead a life,
this is also a part of education. Not all education is available in schools.
In all the countries of the world, the tradition of learning from one another has been going on since ancient times.
But only after the discovery of script or symbols, did the system of education start by going to a specific center from a specific teacher or teachers.
Schools are built for learning. A school is a place where students are admitted for imparting education.
Notice that this definition has two important aspects. The first is a specific location and the second is
where more than one acre of boys and girls are educated at the same time.
The schools here are built on the model of ancient Greek or Roman schools.
Institutionalized education was pioneered by the Greek philosopher Plato hundreds of years before the birth of Christ.
There was a time when the professional teachers of Pris used to teach only one student in their house.
Some of the Pandits and Philosophers used to travel around the country to campaign.
Teaching a certain subject through lectures by gathering people from place to place.
But the great Greek philosopher Plato was the first to introduce a systematic education
program through which education was imparted for three to four years at a specific place.
This system was called an academy or education. The activities of the AA school were held at the army parade grounds.
After this Aristotle founded a school at the Lyceum.
Aristotle taught his students in the public gymnasium of Athens, the capital of Greece.
Neither of these two schools was like our modern schools. These were basically places of discussion or speech.
At one point the Greeks realized that Grammar was something every young man should learn.
Because of this, Grammar schools were established in those ancient times.
Later the Romans were influenced by the Greeks and established the school.
Roman schooling at that time was similar to modern schooling.
Students had to get up in the morning, learn grammar, and learn foreign languages.
Even had to learn how to talk to elders i.e. manners. This is about the beginning of school.
Books are one of the vehicles of learning. But this book did not come to us like that from the beginning.
Books have come to our doorsteps after a long time. We read books to acquire knowledge. How do we know that this book came into our hands?
Have you ever wondered how we got the book? And how did we begin to gain knowledge?
History of the book:
What we understand today as a book had its beginnings in the Middle Ages.
Before that, the closest thing to a book was a rolled paper called papyrus.
The two pairs of papyrus paper were attached to an elongated roller. Romans called it volumen.
From this comes the English word volume. Of course, volume means folded pages. By the middle of the fifth century,
papyrus was replaced by sheep and goat skin, and vellum was made from cow calfskin.
These papers could only be written on one side. They were cut flat and blocked with leather. Thus they became books.
But the first books similar to ours appeared in the Middle Ages. Four pieces of vellum were folded into it in such a way that each piece had two leaves.
The pieces were placed in such a way that eight leaves were in the same bunch, called a stem.
These volumes were sent to scribes for writing books. He would keep them separate and write on a single page at the same time.
As the vellum was quite thick, it could be written on both sides.
Later these were sent to the last section. This would come out as a book to the binder.
He sewed the sections with thread. The wooden cover was made and at the end, the cover was fixed by tying the pieces of this board.
Finally, the whole book would be covered with huge skin. These are the books as we see them today.
Most of the books produced in the Middle Ages were scriptures, sermons, and other religious books.
Then came the law, medicine, and science, then came novels and romance books. Most books of the Middle Ages were written in Latin.
World’s First Women’s College:
Many social workers and leaders have worked for the advancement of women’s education for ages.
And the light of women’s education has been established in the bosom of the world.
In that light today we will know how the first women’s college was established.
The first college in the world to accommodate girls is ‘Wehrlein Collegiate Institute in Ohio, USA.
It was founded by Theodore Weld and several of his followers out of the Lane Theological Seminary.
They announced that any boy and girl can study in this college irrespective of caste.
The college was established on 3 December 1833. That is about 189 years ago from today.
It started with 29 boys and 15 girls ie total of 44 students. Although the college was declared to educate girls to
make ideal mothers and wives, it eventually became the foremost organization of the women’s movement. 3 women graduated from this college on 25 August 1841.
These are Carolyn Marie, Rudd, Elizabeth Smith, and Mary Homford.
Note that the all-girls college opened in South Hadley, Massachusetts on November 8, 1837.
The college opened under the leadership of Mary Lyon and was called Mount Holyoke Female Seminary.
Queers College, the first women’s college in Britain, opened on 1 May 1848 in Harley Street, London. However,
the first college established in Britain for the higher education of girls at the university level is the ‘College for Women’ at Benslow
House in Hertfordshire. The first three women graduated from London University in 1880.
In this way, women’s education started to spread slowly. Girls express interest in receiving an education.
World’s first education by mail:
Isaac Pittman started the world’s first correspondence course or postal education system.
He introduced this system of education in England on 10 January 1840. By advertising it, he said that
anyone can learn from him by paying one shilling in advance.
For this, the student must send the
envelope with a postage stamp. Pitman gave his address in the advertisement as 5 Nelson Placebath.
Pittman said prospective students should be sent a dozen passages from the Bible to take their first
lesson in shorthand. The instruction was to leave enough space between every two lines for correction.
By 1843, Pitman’s student population had grown to such an extent that Pitman enlisted a number of
volunteer tutors in his Phonographic Correspondence Society to revise the students’ lessons.
The first correspondence school was established in Berlin in 1856. Charles Toussaint and Gustav
Langscheid established this school to teach languages. Here Thai was taught first followed by
French followed by English and other languages. Printed books were sent to the students every month.
It consisted of grammar and speaking lessons and was part of a series of stories.
Each line of this foreign language text was also given phonetic or phonetic instructions.
Because the purpose of this school was not only to teach students to read a foreign language but also to get used to speaking that language fluently.
I will try to give you the correct information in each of my posts.
Please support me and encourage me.
Interest in knowing the unknown is my lifelong dream. And I want to share that knowledge with you.